Differences Between Romanticism And Impressionism
The era of Romanticism in art extends from 1790 to 1850. During this phase, gradually the romantic attitude surfaced in many pieces of art in the Western civilization. This movement commenced as a rebellious statement against the social and religious set up in those times. Defining creativity, romanticism glorified individualism, subjectivism, irrationalism, imagination, emotions and nature.
The movement established the supremacy of sentiment over mind. The Romantic Movement coincides with the onset of radical changes in society that ultimately concluded in the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era.
Defying all conventional regulations, the artists of this regime explored human character and its linked passion; and many other domains such as folk culture, the national and ethnic origins, and the medieval era. The first American school of landscape painting was Hudson River School (1835-1870). Thomas Cole was the pioneer of the group. Other eminent artists that formed part of the group included George Caleb Bingham, Asher B. Durand, Thomas Moran, Albert Bierstadt, Frederic Edwin Church, George Inness, John Frederic Kensett and Martin Johnson Heade.
On the other hand, Impressionism dominated the creative arena of French art in the late 1860’s for the next three decades. The movement was also known as optical realism as it concentrated on the influence of light in the manifestation of the subject. The movement was named after a painting of Claude Monet entitled ‘Impression: Sunrise’. Despite the critical acclaim, the movement left its mark worldwide.
The followers of this form of art believed that adequate light could give an artistic form to any subject or theme. The motto of this movement was ‘human eye is a marvelous instrument’. The artists canvassed that beauty is defined with raw vision rather than rationale. This theory was also supported by the naturalists and realists. Some of the impressionists opined that an oil painting sketched in short span records the look of a landscape with precision.
After 1880, impressionism gave way to neo-impressionism. The artists reviewed their thought process and made some alterations. The figures symbolizing this style showcase signs of conventional attitude. This movement was initiated by Georges-Pierre Seurat and included prominent artists such as Camille Pissarro, Paul Signac, Theodoor van Rysselberghe and Henry Edmond Cross.
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