Raphael The Artist Of The Renaissance
Raphael, the artist of the Renaissance, was born in Urbino, Italy as Raphaello Sanzio. He was tutored in painting by his father, and thereafter by Perugino. In fact, a lot of his early work demonstrates the effects of Perugino's tutelage. After that, it is said that Raphael moved to Tuscany and Umbria, where he worked under none other than Leonardo da Vinci.
It was under da Vinci that Raphael completed the painting La Belle Jardiniere, or Virgin and Child with the Infant St. John the Baptist. In 1508, Raphael was called to Rome by Pope Julius II where he was hired to complete frescos in the Vatican. The best known fresco painted by Raphael in the Vatican is The School of Athens, which highlights the ancient philosophers, namely Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Euclid, Pythagoras and Epicurus.
Raphael went on to complete the second room in 1514, but his popularity had grown tremendously by that time. So, he was in great demand. This meant that his assistants were left in-charge of completing all the other rooms in the Vatican. However, he did do a portrait entitled Baldassare Castiglione in 1514-1515. This portrait influenced a lot of other artists like Titan and Cezanne. Even Rembrandt was known to be influenced by it as he painted one of his many self-portraits in the exact same pose as what was in the painting after he saw in 1639 in Amsterdam.
Francois I of France was an avid collected of Raphael's paintings; and it could be said that Raphael and the Italian Renaissance had more effect on France compared to any other country in Europe.
Raphael died very young, at the age of 37. On his death, there was a mass held at the Vatican, and he was interred in the Pantheon.
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