The Philosophy Of Medieval Art
The Medieval era or the Middle Ages denote the time period between the decline of the Roman Empire in 5th century AD and the Renaissance of the 16th century. Historians have divided this period into three phases.
The first phase commences immediately after the early Middle Ages marking the period in the Latin west. This phase cherished the thoughts of Aristotle and Plato. The second phase signifies the Islamic period extending from the 7th to the 12th century. Much effort was put during this period to comprehend the philosophies of the past. The third phase known as the golden age represents 12th to the 14th century in the Latin west. This period is illustrated by many eminent expansions in the fields of religion, logic and metaphysics.
The medieval era encompasses a time span of about a thousand years and is designated as the longest period of philosophical development in Europe and the Middle East. During these years, the ethnicity of Rome and Greece marking the classical period was revived. Theological issues were discussed and secular thought was welcomed. Many other issues such as the being of God and the liaison between faith and reasoning were addressed as well.
The creative blend of Roman, German and Islamic art together formed the foundation of the philosophy of medieval art. This form of art is characterized by many diverse creative instincts arising in different countries. Late Antique art was an amalgamation of Roman and German styles. People created work in these two distinct styles in order to emphasize on their respective identities as Roman Christians, Germans or Arians.
This philosophy dominated the medieval art till 1000 AD and then came in the Romanesque art. Apart from the German and Roman aspect, this form of art also included the Islamic style. Marked with vitality and exuberance, Romanesque art gave new life to painting, sculpture and architecture. The philosophy of this art was remarkable and had an element of abstraction. Christian themes were predominant during this regime.
Next on the aesthetic realm was the Gothic art that commenced in about 1100 AD in Italy. The fundamental philosophy embodying Gothic architecture was the spirit to go higher and higher in the aspiration of reaching the heavens. The paintings and sculptures portrayed more sentiment and realism in this phase. The artists also ventured into creating backdrops and depicting swarming scenes. However, Gothic art did not see light in Constantinople as its philosophy was considered too western and barbaric.
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