The Difference Between Italian Art And Medieval Art
If there is one country who leads in aesthetic potential and contribution, it is Italy. Italian art demonstrates the visual art in Italy from ancient times till date. Italy was considered to be the hub of art in ancient Rome. Italian art in totality has the artistic streaks of diverse cultures of Rome, Pisa, Siena, Florence, Milan, Venice, Bologna and Naples.
With the Etruscans commences the history of Italian art. Although Etruscan art was significantly different from Greek art, it still displayed certain traces of contemporary artistic styles in Greece. Animals were a common theme in this structure of art. The subject of paintings was religious or depicted life after death in vibrant colors. The Roman art was also heavily influenced by Greek art forms. The sculptures produced by Greek artists were either procured from Greece or were impersonated.
The personal achievement of Romans lay in their depiction of portraits. These portraits projected an intentional representation of the physical features. Wall paintings were also popular covering numerous themes such as landscapes, portraits, still life, mythologies and genre scenes. Sculpture was nearly discarded in the early Christian period. However, some of the oldest murals owe their origin to Rome. The Christian artists rendered their aesthetic skills to these murals by enhancing the facial expressions. It is known that the early Christians favored mosaics over painting as a medium.
In the later years, Ravenna came to be designated as the Italian capital of Byzantine culture and politics. Many Italian frescos were inspired by the Byzantine artistic style. Owing to the exorbitant costs of the frescoes, panel paintings gained prominence. The art of sculpture was also revived from its long phase of dormancy and its importance was evident in the Romanesque period. Art especially reached the pinnacle during the Italian Renaissance. The latest artistic style of Italy, Futurism, is a development of the 20th century.
Medieval art in Europe evolved from the creative legacy of the Roman Empire. The terminology of Medieval Art incorporates the history of art extended over a time frame of about 1000 years in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. This era highlighted many styles of creativity that include Early Christian art, Migration Period art, Byzantine art, Insular art, Pre-Romanesque and Romanesque art and Gothic art. Work of genius was produced in various realms of aesthetic potential. However, only some have survived the test of time. These include sculpture, illuminated manuscripts, stained glass, metalwork and mosaics.
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