How To Draw Islamic Art ?
The history of Islam goes back to 610 CE. According to the beliefs of Muslims, a merchant called al-Amin stopped to rest in a cave on Mount Hira, which was located a few miles north of Mecca. Within this cave, Angel Gabriel emerged and bestowed him with the Almighty’s holy power. The man came to be known as Prophet Muhammad, and the message that he received from the angel formed the fundamentals of the religion, Islam. Islam forms the focal point of Muslims in all walks of life, art being no exception to the rule.
Islamic art is highly abstract and ornamental in character comprising of calligraphy, vegetal motifs and geometrical patterns. Arabesque style of art is frequently linked to Islamic art. Following the principle that Allah solely is the creator, sustainer and destroyer; Islam bans figurative representation in art. The religious fundamentalists have forbidden illustrations of animals and human beings including the Prophet, as this form of art could propagate idol worship. Thus, calligraphy has risen to be the foremost medium of Islamic creativity. Arabic calligraphy demonstrates recurring geometrical patterns, be it in architecture or on documents or carpets.
Some of the eminent Islamic art forms include Bowl from the Abbasid period, Iran; Marquetry Panel from the Abbasid period, Egypt; Nur al-Din room from the Ottoman period, Syria; Fountain from the Nur al-Din room; Molded tile panel from Iran and Glazed tile panel from the Ottoman period, Syria. The presence of Koranic Arabic, utilized for reading, praying and decorative purposes is viewed as the principal attribute of Islamic religious art, irrespective of the place or race it is found in.
The main instruments used for creating geometrical designs are a scale and compass. Circles, squares and straight lines are the fundamentals of these patterns. These shapes are combined, repeated and interlocked to create complicated formats. These geometrical designs often contain tessellations. Tessellations can be illustrated by fitting polygonal shapes into each other resembling the pieces of a puzzle. Another characteristic feature of Islamic designs is that they are two dimensional with a background and foreground pattern. The vegetal motifs are placed against a contrasting background. The Islamic artists were not keen on the linear perspective. Also, the art form portrayed by them was not designed to fit within a frame.
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