History Of 1970 Art
The 1960s symbolized radical change in all facets of the society. This transformation spilled over to the next decade as well. The prominent aspects of those times included cynicism towards the present political set up, enhancement of civil rights, increased awareness towards the environment, mobility in the women’s movement and advanced research in space. All these transformations soon not only reflected in the lives of the Americans but also in the various forms of art.
The decade of 1970 led to sophistication in the styles of the previous decade. Representing environmental thoughts, the Earth art gained distinction by the works of Michael Heizer, Walter de Maria, Robert Smithson, James Turrel, Alice Aycock, Claes Oldenburg, and Richard Serra. Land art and environmental art were also popular. These were essentially similar to earth art with slight modifications.
This was followed by the eras of illusionism, photorealism and hyperrealism. Illusionism is represented by a piece of art that seems to be sharing physical space with the beholder. The works of these artists appeared real from a distance. Artists showing expertise in this style include Scott Kim, Oscar Reutersvard, Karen Combs and Sandro Del Prete. Photorealism and hyperrealism emulated photography. Photorealism denoted the style of art that involves painting from a photograph. This style of art later graduated into hyperrealism, which signifies a painting or sculpture resembling a high resolution photograph. The eminent names in these two styles are Richard Estes, Chuck Close, David Kassan, Paul John Wonner, Antonio Lopez and Jerry Ott. Artists such as Lynda Benglis, Jackie Winsor and Judy Chicago were the ones responsible for promoting the women's art movement. The last phase of the 1970s saw many artists exploring new media art bringing technology in the forefront.
The field of architecture also experienced change with a bent towards humanism. Buildings were structured keeping in mind the requisites of the inmates. The conventional historical designs gained importance once again, which is reflected in the pyramid form of San Francisco's Transamerica Building and the classical Piazza d'Italia in New Orleans. The new ideology called Arcology became significant. This notion canvassed by the architect, Paolo Soleri was a combination of architecture and ecology.
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