Ethiopia History Timeline
Ethiopia is the first independent country which was occupied by Italy in the 1930s. During the years 1530 and 1531, Ahmad Gran, a Muslim leader, conquered almost all of Ethiopia. During the years 1818 and 1868, Lij Kasa conquered Gojjam, Tigray, Shoa and Amhara. In 1855, Kasa became the emperor Tewodros 2. In the year 1868, Tewodros was defeated by the British force and committed suicide, so that he cannot be captured. In 1872, Tigrayan became Yohannes 4.
In 1889, Yohannes 4 fought against the Mahdist forces and died. He was succeeded by emperor Memelik 2. Menelik signed a bilateral friendship treaty with the European country Italy at Wuchale. Addis Ababa was made the capita of Ethiopia.
In the year 1895, Italy invaded Ethiopia. In 1896, the Ethiopians defeated the Italian forces at Adwa. The Treaty of Wuchale was negated and Italy recognized Ehtiopia as an independent country but they controlled Eritrea. Menelik died in the year 1913, and was succeeded by Lij Lyasu, his grandson. In the year 1916, Lij Lyasu was deposed and Menelik’s daughter called Zawditu became ruler who ruled via regent named Ras Tafari Makonnen.
In the year 1930, Zawditu died and Ras Tafari Makonnen became the emperor Haile Selassie 1. And, in 1935 once again Ethiopia was invaded by Italy. Italy captured Addis Ababa. Haile Seassie fled, and the king of Italy became the Ethiopian emperor. Ethiopia was combined with the Italian Somaliland and Eritrea and was called Italian East Africa.
The Commonwealth and the British along with the Arbegnoch defeated the Italians and restored Haile Selassie to the throne. The United Nations federated Eritrea with Ethiopia. In the year 1962 Haile Selassie have annexed Eritrea, and made it a province of Ethiopia.
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