Ancient Egypt History
Egyptian history dates back to 5000 years when a significant lifestyle or civilization was started on the banks of river Nile in Egypt. Egypt is situated between the Middle East and Africa. Its history is the world’s ancient history which has the mysterious pyramids, the sphinx and tombs which are still attracting the people from all over the world.
The history of Egypt dates back to 3300 BC. This was the time the Egyptians started writing with symbols. From the year 3100 BC the inscriptions were passed to the later generations of Egypt. During this period King Menes, the pharaoh formed Egypt by combining the Lower and the Upper Egypt kingdoms. He made Memphis as the capital of north, and Abydos as the capital of south. The government was strong and well established. Calendar was introduced and sun god was the favorite god figure.
In the next 400 years, dynasties disappeared and the rulers died and priests became the rulers. Alexander the Great without any effort took Egypt into his hands. Alexander’s empire was divided amongst his generals. The Greeks rule was put to an end in the Cleopatra 7 era. For more than 300 years it was the Greek pharaohs who ruled Egypt and then it was succeeded by the roman province.
One of the Egypt’s great resources is the Nile River. It was the belief of the ancient Egyptians that these were the water from the mysterious heaven of plenty. Nile provided Egypt with water transportation and food. This was the reason for the wonders of the Egypt to be built in the ancient period.
Pharaoh means the one who lives in the palace. The Egyptians believed that pharaoh was beyond a human, and called them with the names of the gods. They thought that the king was the one who served the gods and made the sun rise in the morning and river Nile flood at the end of the summer season.
The pyramids were built for the sake of the dead pharaohs because they believed in life after death. 46 pyramids are discovered till today and the archeologists are trying to find more in the ruins of the world’s greatest civilization. Egyptians had a belief that the deserts preserved things and they buried people there. The wonder in pyramids is that they were built without any technology but the huge blocks of stones were placed till the apex of these huge structures.
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