American History And Intolerable Acts
Just after the famous Boston Tea Party in December 1773, the British imposed a series of restrictions that came to be known as the Intolerable Acts. Although five laws were passed, just four laws are considered as Intolerable Acts.
These laws were passed by the British parliament in 1774 with the hope of making an example of the citizens of Massachusetts for their disobedience. The British hoped that the Acts would discourage other colonies from opposing the British rule. Unfortunately, the Intolerable Act had an opposite effect on the colonies and they ended up uniting all the colonies against the British.
The British closed the Boston Harbor with the Boston Port Act until people of Boston paid for the lost tea and required tax.
The Massachusetts Government Act abolished the Massachusetts elected government council and replaced it with members appointed by the King. The governor of was given sweeping powers and had the ability to control public meetings.
The Justice Act was changed and this allowed people charged with violent crimes to be tried in England.
The Quartering Act was also changed and the British troops were to be housed in private homes.
Last but not the least, the Quebec Act was passed which extended the Canadian border up to Ohio River and thus doing away with the colonies claims to the land. This was done with a view of preventing the colonies from getting bigger and stronger. This Act was not in response to the Boston Tea Party so is not considered as a part of the Intolerable Acts.
The colonist viewed the Intolerable Acts as violation of their constitutional rights. The Acts were met with indignation and resistance, and were important steps that helped towards the growth of the American Revolution.
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